Fraser, Woah Hawp Canton Mine, Ballarat, 1880.Contributors
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It is often assumed that the Chinese only worked in alluvial or shallow gold mining.
Quartz or deep-lead mining was expensive and usually required investment companies to provide capital. While most Chinese were considered to be poorer and restricted to surface or alluvial pickings, some Chinese miners and businessmen speculated in deep lead ventures.
The Woah Hawp Canton Quartz Mining Company of Ballarat was founded in 1882 by a conglomeration of Chinese shareholders and business men who chose to employ Chinese workers.