Robert Bruce, engraver, CHINESE RITES AT THE GRAVES OF THEIR COUNTRYMEN. Print : wood engraving, Illustrated Australian News for Home Readers, Melbourne : Ebenezer and David Syme, September 10th, 1872.
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Chinese funerals involved ritual burning, carrying of banners and offerings of food, incense and paper tokens.
Chinese goldseekers had to adapt their ritual funeral practice to the realities of Australia. Without the presence of women, children or grandchildren to perform ritual burning, members of the deceased's club or association would perform the rites, acting as substitute family.
The annual Qingming 'sweeping of the graves festival' to honour and worship ancestors' graves, is still performed in goldfields cemeteries by community members today.