Try to imagine yourself on board a sailing ship in the 19th century...
Approaching the entrance to Port Phillip Bay, which is known to be a particularly dangerous harbour entrance, being very narrow (only 2 and a half kilometers across), fringed with rocky reefs, and turbulent because of the tides meeting the ocean swells of Bass Strait.
If you were the Captain you needed an accurate chart showing sea-depths, the coastline and its hazards, but also the navigational aids such as lighthouses and beacons which would guide you into port. You would also have needed a book of sailing directions...
Judy Scurfield, librarian at the State Library of Victoria, asks us to imagine the entry through the most hazardous Port Phillip Heads.
Further material can be found at the State Library of Victoria's Ergo site.
Thomas Pierson (Diaries of an early arrival chronicle first impressions of Melbourne).
Entrance to Port Phillip: map
Port Phillip Heads. Ebb Tide. Clipper Ship Lightning & Pilot vessel.
Postcards of Port Phillip Heads
Sandridge Pier on Sunday afternoon
Sketch on Sandridge Pier
Defences of Port Phillip
Queens Wharf painting
Railway Pier, Sandridge
The Flying Squadron - Naval Review in Port Phillip Bay
Sandridge From Hobson's Bay
Shortland Bluff and lighthouse, Queenscliff Vic.
Melbourne. Port Melbourne Railway Pier.
A day on the sands, Queenscliffe
The Disaster to the pilot schooner "Rip."
Views of the South Coast of Terra Australis : Plate XVII
Detail of Plate vi featuring inset of Port Phillip Bay
John Bowman Diary
Mark Nicholson diaries
Story education resources
Education Museum Victoria: Station Pier
These resources focus on the history of immigration to Australia, and the role of Melbourne’s Station Pier as the arrival point for many of Victoria’s migrants. They relate to the Station Pier: gateway to a new life exhibition at the Immigration Museum. The kit consists of excursion resources and additional resources. These activities support the VELS standards. They are designed for years 5-7 and 7-8.