Punching the Bundy
Punching the Bundy
Video by Sally Miller and Stephen Oakes
Sally Miller & Stephen Oakes
In this story, former workers recall working at the Interknit mill, and especially using the time clock or "punching the bundy".
The Clunes mill was established in the 1920s, in a decommissioned state school building. In 1939, it was bought by Ballarat company Interknit, and became the Clunes Interknit Mill.
The Interknit Hosiery Company employed many locals. Initially a socks manufacturer, and commonly known as Interknit Sox, by 1981 Interknit had begun to manufacture jumpers.
Representing a time when industry was more local to its markets, Interknit supplied socks to Victorian Football League, and then the Australian Football League, teams and later jumpers well. Interknit also supplied socks to cricket teams and the Australian armed forces.
[Lindsay Torney in front of building]
I'd ride the bike in, come over here, put it up against the wall, along with a few other bikes that were there. Away we go, inside. Same old story.
[Lindsay Torney walks alongside building]
Back in for another day's hard work or a night, whatever that happened.
[Lindsay Torney enters building]
Ah, well, I'd better punch the bundy.
[Lindsay Torney pretends to punch the bundy, images of a Bundy clock]
Push her in, bang she'd go, time clock.
[Punching the Bundy - Memories of the Interknit Hosiery Company Clunes Victoria]
[Images of the Bundy clock, mechanism rolling]
[The first time clock was invented in 1888 by Willard Bundy, a jeweler in Auburn, New York. Bundy Manufacturing, along with two other time equipment businesses, was consolidated into IBM. Interknit's clock is now in The Clunes Museum]
[Black-and-white photograph of Port Philip Mining Company, Clunes late 1800s]
Goldmining wasn't going to last forever.
[Pat Cook, Curator - Clunes Museum]
And as years went by and the mines declined and the workforce declined, so the population declined, and it became a town of women and children, as the miners went to Kalgoorlie and to New Zealand.
[Black-and-white photograph of a ghost town]
And virtually the town came to a standstill, leaving this very small population of women, children and perhaps young adults starting to grow up who would need some sort of occupation.
[Black-and-white photograph of a group of young adults]
The borough of Clunes decided they would have to get some sort of industry to come to Clunes. And with that in mind, they went to Melbourne and looked at several sorts of options but eventually they settled on bringing knitting mills to Clunes. They wanted an industry that employed a lot of people.
[Maureen Harris, Clerk - Interknit Hoisery 1949-1956]
Well, I began there in September 1949 and I was there until October 1956.
[Black-and-white photograph of young Maureen along with three other persons]
Yes, you had to go in every morning, clock on, out at lunch time, clock out, back in at one o'clock, and, yes, four times a day.
[Images of the Bundy clock]
Apart from using it every day, we used it each week to make up the wages.
[Pay slip for week ending 11 May 1955, Interknit Hosiery Co. Ltd. Clunes]
Away we go, inside.
[Inside the Clunes Bottle Museum, Formerly the Interknit Hosiery Mill]
G'day, Bill. How you going? That was the packer. Look around. Put the hat up on the peg.
[Old man pretends to put his hat up]
Ah, well, what's going today? Hmm...
[Lindsay Torney, Interknit Hosiery Employee]
I worked in this knitting mill for 37 years.
[Black-and-white photograph of a group of employees]
Started in 1939 - January '39 - and left in 1973. We produced these socks for the services and for all services, and... right throughout the war years.
[Images of the building nowadays]
And I wasn't allowed to go to the war because I was in an essential industry. The boss's office. Few funny things there, I was just thinking. Inside there, the boss used to go down the street to pick up the mail.
[Black-and-white photograph of woman in front of knitting machine]
He'd be gone about nine o'clock. Some of the girls that were on the knitting machines, we'd get together and have a good old dance in the machine room while they were there, learning the different dances. So we'd be doing that there. Ah...
[Close-up on the Bundy clock]
One chap that came here, he didn't do too much, I can tell you that. Anyway... then come Friday, he'd clock off, he'd go down to the pub, and then about, oh, seven o'clock or so's, he'd come up and clock in again and get back down to the pub. 11 o'clock, and he'd come up and clock off. He was getting paid overtime for that. Nobody knew too much about that, though.
[Barbara Adam, Interknit Hosiery Employee]
I was born here and, you know, everything revolved around Interknit, around the mill. And that was the main employment here. And when that closed and when it moved out, it was really sad for the town.
[Interknit Hosiery operated its mill in Clunes from 1938 until 1985]
[Interknit made socks for the services, the AFL, the NRL, the American Basketball League, Tennis, and the local country league]
[They also made jumpers for the AFL, Cricket, The Federal Police, the Army and various schools]
[Images of Clunes today]